The Sport Journal is an electronic, peer-reviewed scientific journal addressing current issues in sport, published with the goal of advancing sport knowledge through research and expertise. Encompassing multiple facets of sport, including sports management, sports coaching, sports studies, sports medicine, and sports fitness and health, The Sport Journal seeks to provide readers with up-to-date information comprising advances in all areas of sport. Published articles include both detailed scientific methods and guided conclusions geared towards sports professionals, allowing for immediate application in the field.


United States Sports Academy
One Academy Drive
Daphne, Alabama 36526
(251) 626-3303

About the Academy

The United States Sports Academy is an independent, non-profit, accredited, special mission sports university created to serve the nation and world with programs in instruction, research and service. The role of the Academy is to prepare men and women for careers in the profession of sports.

For more than 45 years the Academy has been a sport education leader and innovator, having produced thousands of graduates for the sport profession. The Academy is the only freestanding school of sport education in America and offers accredited programs at the bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral levels. Known as America’s Sports University®, the Academy is among the largest sport schools in the world. It has provided a wide array of post-secondary non-degree certificate and diploma programs to tens of thousands of individuals in more than 65 countries.

For more information, go to www.ussa.edu.

Executive Editor

Dr. Tomi Wahlstrom
Vice President of Academic Affairs


Dr. Vandy Pacetti-Donelson
Director of the Library/Archivist

Editorial Board

Dr. Fred Cromartie
Sports Management and Contemporary Sports Issues

Dr. Sandra Geringer
Sports Studies

Dr. T.J. Rosandich
Sports Facilities

Dr. Brandon Spradley
Strength and Conditioning

Dr. Tomi Wahlstrom
Leadership, Psychology, and Ethics

Dr. Brian Wallace
Sports Exercise Science

Dr. Roch King
Sports Coaching

Dr. Carlos Aquino
Sports Management, Leadership, Psychology, and Ethics

Dr. Vandy Pacetti-Donelson
Digital Research