International Physical Fitness Test

Abstract

FOREWARD

The United States Sports Academy, in cooperation with the Supreme Council for Youth and Sport, presents the Arab world with its own International Physical Fitness Test Manual based on norms collected and processed on Arab youth, ages 9 to 19. This fitness test is one of the few developed outside the Western world and is believed to be the only such test battery that measures the basic components of all physical activity, i.e. speed, strength, suppleness, and stamina.

This test was introduced to 199 physical education teachers by Dr. Thomas P. Rosandich on 15 January 1977 in Manama. This test was initially developed by the International Committee for Physical Fitness Testing in Tokyo in 1964 at which time Dr. Rosandich served that committee as its first Secretary.

U.S. Sports Academy

FOREWARD

The United States Sports Academy, in
cooperation with the Supreme Council for Youth and Sport, presents the Arab
world with its own International Physical Fitness Test Manual based on norms
collected and processed on Arab youth, ages 9 to 19. This fitness test is
one of the few developed outside the Western world and is believed to be
the only such test battery that measures the basic components of all physical
activity, i.e. speed, strength, suppleness, and stamina.

This test was introduced to 199 physical
education teachers by Dr. Thomas P. Rosandich on 15 January 1977 in Manama.
This test was initially developed by the International Committee for Physical
Fitness Testing in Tokyo in 1964 at which time Dr. Rosandich served that
committee as its first Secretary.

On 16 January, this two-day test battery,
made up of the 50-meter sprint, standing long jump, grip strength, 1000-meter
run, 30-second sit-up, pull-up, 10-meter shuttle run, and trunk flexion,
was administered to 500 boys of the Manama Secondary School. The test was
coordinated by Dr. Bob Grueninger, Director of Fitness and Research and
administered by him and Dr. Bob Ford, Dr. Lawrence Bestmann, Vic Godfrey,
James Kampen, Bruce Mitchell, and Larry Nosse, along with their counterparts,
the inspectors and teachers of the Ministry of Education.

The Academy faculty and their counterparts
eventually tested over 20,000 boys and girls, but not before the components
of the test were re-evaluated and modified to better reflect the environment
in which it was delivered. The initial test information was presented by
Dr. Rosandich and Dr. Grueninger at the First Middle East Sports Science
Symposium (MESS I) in April of 1977. The physical performance tables were
developed in coordination with the Academy team in Bahrain and the Chairman
of Fitness and Research at the Academy’s home office in Mobile, Alabama,
then located on the campus of the University of South Alabama. Instrumental
in developing these tables were two computer experts, Dr. George Uhlig and
Dr. Bill Gilley, both members of the Academy’s National
Faculty.

During MESS II, in April of 1978, the
Academy did a special study to evaluate the I.C.P.F.T. battery for possible
revision. In addition to the Academy coaching team in Bahrain, we brought
aboard Dr. Richard Berger, Temple University, and Dr. Bob Stauffer, West
Point, both members of the Academy’s National Faculty. This combined team
tested the Bahrain Defense Force Personnel and reached the following conclusions,
which in essence are reflected in this test manual.

1. The test battery was changed from a
two-day test battery to a one-day battery for purposes of efficiency and
because the test administered over two days in the heat of the Middle East
impacted severely upon the individual students and their second-day
performances.

2. The test battery was reduced from eight
components to five components that reflected effectively those components
needed in sport and eliminated costly equipment such as the hand dynamometer,
that often malfunctioned in field testing.

The test battery is as
follows:

1. 50-meter test, relative power, speed

2. Pull-up, relative strength, strength

3. 10-meter shuttle run, relative power, speed and suppleness

4. Back throw, absolute power, speed and suppleness

5. 1,000-meter run, aerobic/anaerobic capacity, stamina

The above test was coordinated by Dr.
Grueninger and Dr. Gary Hunter with over 20,000 Bahraini children tested.
The results of this test are found in this manual and wer presented for the
first time internationally by Dr. Rosandich during the Asian Games in Bangkok,
Thailand, in December of 1978. Subsequently, the test battery was adopted
in more than 21 nations. Since the initial presentation, the test has been
modified by replacing the pull-up with the flexed-arm hang based on data
collected in neighboring Saudi Arabia.

During MESS III, in April of 1979, the
leadership of the International Committee for Physical Fitness Research,
including the organization’s president, Dr. Ladislav Novak, and members,
Dr. Leonard Larson (USA), Dr. Roy Shepherd (Canada), and Dr. Ishiko (Japan),
attended the symposium, as observers of Bahrain’s leadership role in physical
fitness, research and sport medicine. Bahrain, under the leadership of the
Supreme Council for Youth and Sport, developed not only the finest sport
medicine and research centers found in the Middle East but also programs
reflecting research, such as this Physical Fitness Test Manual. Thus, the
I.C.P.F.T. named Bahrain its research center for the Middle East. Subsequently,
the Arab Sport Medicine Council moved its headquarters from Tunisia to Bahrain,
which is yet another indication of Bahrain’s leadership in fitness and
research.

The Academy has been privileged to work
with the Supreme Council for Youth and Sport — now known as the General
Organization of Youth and Sport — and its many constituencies, e.g. the
Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Interior,
and the Ministry of Defense, in the development of this International Physical
Fitness Test, which in fact is a major contribution to the world of sport
education.


Scorecard

Test Procedures

  1. 50-Meter
    Dash
  2. Flexed-Arm Hang
  3. Shuttle-Run
  4. Back Throw
  5. Distance Run
  6. Standing Long Jump


Supplementary Test

Evaluation Charts

  1. Height
  2. Weight
  3. 50-Meter Dash
  4. Flexed-Arm Hang
  5. Shuttle Run
  6. Back Throw
  7. Distance Run
  8. Standing Long Jump
  9. Body Composition
  10. Grip Strength